How to digitally sign your outgoing emails with Outlook ?

Would you like to prove to your contacts the authenticity of your emails ? A S/MIME signature of your messages may be a solution. It will guarantee that a message comes from you, and that its content wasn’t altered. You can do it for free – as long as it’s for a personnal use – using a Comodo free email certificate. The solution may be seducing, but there are two caveats.

First, the validation of your signature is done by your recipient email client, and most email clients just don’t support it. As a rule of thumb, consider only the outlook desktop app supports it (gmail,, default android client don’t support it, iphone can support it but it’s disabled by default). And there’s nothing you can do about it.

Second, the procedure to sign your messages may give some headaches, and it’ll be different for each email client. But at least, here is a step by step guide to digitally sign outgoing messages on Outlook.

  1. Get a mail Certificate
  2. Install your mail certificate in your local certificate store
  3. Check that your certificate is properly installed
  4. Configure Outlook to sign outgoing messages

1. Get a mail certificate

If you don’t already own a mail certificate, you can get a free one from Comodo here, or directly here.
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Named parameter not found in JPA/Hibernate native SQL queries

When using named parameters in native SQL queries with Hibernate implementation of the Java Persistence API (JPA), you may run into the following error

org.springframework.dao.InvalidDataAccessApiUsageException: Parameter with that name [orderId] did not exist; 
nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Parameter with that name [orderId] did not exist

This happens even if the named parameter was properly set, as in the following example :

For example :

void update(EntityManager em) {
    Query q = em.createNativeQuery("SELECT * FROM orders where id = :orderId;");
    q.setParameter("orderId", "1234");

The issue comes from Continue reading

Solving Eclipse/maven error : dependency/ a.b.c (managed from x.y.z)

If Eclipse/M2E reports a maven dependency version conflict, with message “managed from x.y.z” (ex : “jooq/ 3.7.1 (managed from 3.6.0)“), the conflicting dependency is defined by an ancestor of the current maven project (could be its parent, great-parent, great-great-parent, etc.).

For example, let’s say maven signals a dependency conflict for a spring-boot 1.3 application. Version 3.7.1 of the JOOQ library is used while you specified version 3.6.0 (which is a pain because JAVA 7 is targeted, while JOOQ 3.7.1 only supports JAVA 8).

The error returned by the SpringBoot application is :

java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: org/jooq/SQLDialect : 
    Unsupported major.minor version 52.0

JOOQ is used by a dependency of the spring-boot application. The main application itself has no reference to JOOQ.

Indeed :

  1. project A declares a maven dependency on JOOQ 3.6.0 :



  2. project B declares a maven dependency on project A, and defines spring-boot-starter-parent as a parent
    In project B dependencies, Eclipse/M2E flags JOOQ as “version 3.7.1 (managed from 3.6.0)” while version 3.6.0 is expected.
  3. spring-boot-starter-parent has spring-boot-dependencies as a parent, which itself manages dependencies for JOOQ


To fix it, you could add a jooq 3.6.0 dependency to project B, so that the maven dependency conflict solving strategy uses this version since it is the nearest dependency. But that would be ugly. A cleaner solution consists in overriding the jooq.version property defined in spring-boot-starter-parent, as documented here :


Using Amazon Redshift with Hibernate

Amazon Redshift is not designed for ORMs like Hibernate. However, it sometimes may be useful to let Hibernate manage a couple of tables. For example, we were automatically generating some large tables for big-data analysis, and wanted to store metadata about the generated structures in the same database, to keep them in sync. Hibernate seemed convenient to manipulate these metadata.

First, that’s not a good idea. Hibernate tends to generate a lot of useless queries, unless you take the time to properly tweak it, you’ll feel the pain of letting Hibernate query a RedShift server on the other side of the planet (close to 0.5 second for a “SELECT 1” query sent to the database…).

Then, you’ll notice that Redshift SQL may be based on Postgres, still not everything is working as expected. Especially, postgres serial type (identity columns) are not supported.

Eventually, you’ll find out there’s no way to retrieve the value of the last identity generated for a inserted row. That’s a serious issue knowing that hibernate requires a primary key to identify inserted objects.

But if you still crave using Hibernate with RedShift, once you’ll have downloaded the JDBC driver, you may want to use this (unperfect) Hibernate Redshift dialect to get you started :

import org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQL82Dialect;

public class RedshiftDialect extends PostgreSQL82Dialect {

    public String getIdentitySelectString(String table, String column, int type) {
        // There's not method in the JDBC driver to retrieve the latest generated id.
        // So try to retrieve the largest id, and pray for no concurrent access.
        return "SELECT MAX("+column+") from "+table;

    public String getIdentitySelectString() {
        // Should never be called
        return "SELECT 1 FROM PG_TEST";

    public Class getNativeIdentifierGeneratorClass() {
        return IdentityGenerator.class;
    public String getIdentityColumnString( int type )
        // replace the Postgres "serial" type with RedShift Vertica one
        return "IDENTITY";
    public boolean hasDataTypeInIdentityColumn()
        return true;